Expanding Circles of Thanks
Four Ways Immigrant Cultural Wisdom
is Inspiring America
Four Ways Immigrant Cultural Wisdom Is Inspiring America
The most diverse gathering of races and ethnicities from across the world is living in one place here in the United States. We often focus on the economic contributions of immigrants, but this tends to draw attention away from the tremendous social and cultural impacts that these communities have on American society. Immigrant communities bring time-tested traditional practices, customs, and knowledge from their countries that can inform and uplift American culture.
The following are four recent examples of immigrant cultural gifts that have inspired American society. This is only a sampling of the remarkable ways in which immigration has impacted the United States throughout history.
1. Eastern wisdom is deepening our understanding of spirituality. In the past two decades, Eastern spiritual teachings have blossomed in the hearts and lives of Americans. Meditation, yoga, and qigong -- the ancient Eastern arts for connecting with the soul -- are taught throughout America. These are rich cultural practices that Asian immigrants helped to bring from their homelands. In classrooms, seminars, and gyms across the country, this knowledge is passed to Americans of all races and creeds.
In the same way that the Bible teaches one to "know thyself," Asian spiritual teachings offer their own path towards this same spiritual goal. As the American understanding of Eastern Spirituality continues to deepen, our culture is being enriched with a fuller understanding of religion and faith.
2. Traditional cuisines are teaching us about proper diet. In America, new diet trends and fads come out every year. With so many different studies and perspectives being touted, the simple question of what to eat has become very complicated. In his book,In Defense of Food, renowned food author, Michael Pollan, discusses how the best answers for what to eat come from traditional cuisines. Traditional cuisines are complete systems for eating that give a person the full spectrum of nutrition needed to thrive.
Across the board, be it Korean, Ethiopian, or Armenian food, most traditional cuisines emphasize a diet of whole grains, many vegetables, and good fats. As Pollan affirms, there is a very low incidence of 'first world' diseases like diabetes and heart disease among people eating traditional diets. As a society, we are greatly informed by the presence of immigrant communities that bring their traditional cuisines to this country. There is much that we have learned and much more that we must continue to learn from immigrants regarding our diets.
3. Immigrant farmers are showing us how to grow organic . There's a word for organic farming in most other countries: farming. In the majority of cultures on earth, small scale farming is still prevalent. In many of these places, farming is organic by default because chemical inputs are not available. Cultures around the world have preserved centuries-old techniques for cultivating food. Immigrants in America who have this cultural knowledge are a valuable asset to us as we strive to grow more clean organic food here.
Ethnic communities from around the country come together at the annual Immigrant and Minority Farmer's Conference where they discuss combining traditional farming techniques with modern cultivation methods. Immigrant farming communities living in America include the Punjabis in California's Central Valley, the Somali and Hmong people in Minnesota, the Japanese, Mexicans, and Koreans.
4. Medical treatments from immigrants are supplementing our medical care.Cultures around the world have developed unique systems for treating and healing disease. Many medical systems that were brought from foreign shores have shown themselves to be effective and have gained wide popularity in American culture. Acupressure and acupuncture from East Asia, ayurveda from India, and herbalism from Latin America are just a few of the many immigrant medical systems that have enriched our body of medical knowledge here in the United States.
Reflecting on Immigration Reform. Immigrant members of our society deserve reform that recognizes their importance to us. All cultures possess wisdom that can greatly benefit the world at large. In America, the most diverse place on the planet, we have the historic and unique opportunity to embody the greatest features of all the different civilizations from which our ancestors came.
-- Rohit Kumar in Huffington Post
Expanding Circles of Thanks
It is common among Jews to assume that Thanksgiving is really a Jewish holiday. Quoting nameless "historians," website after website notes that the inspiration for the Pilgrim's thanksgiving feast was the Biblical Festival of Sukkot (Tabernacles) -- a fall festival that expresses gratitude for the harvest, for the land, and is celebrated in booths adorned with fall bounty and color, complete with feasting on seasonally appropriate fare. At the core of the Sukkot observance is the recitation of Hallel (psalms sung as expressions of exultant thanks), and the shaking of the lulav and etrog (a bundle of plants symbolizing life, abundance and thanks).
Puritans, the argument goes, were deeply immersed in the Hebrew Bible. They saw themselves as the new Israelites -- hence many took Hebrew names, gave their new settlements names from the Land of Israel and the Books of Joshua and Judges, saw themselves on a new exodus journey to a new promised land. Their knowledge of Scripture was deep and personal -- they would have resonated to a celebration of autumnal bounty conducted by a people journeying from oppression to freedom.
The Sukkot theory of Thanksgiving is really great. And it could even be true. The only challenge is that I couldn't find any colonial Puritan authors who made that claim. What is charming about it, nonetheless, is the resonance that so many Jews feel toward Thanksgiving. It is a very "Jewish" holiday, even if it wasn't a Jewish holiday to begin with: Great meal, great company, celebrating life and joy and resilience and freedom in community. All values embedded deeply in Jewish tradition.
But I'd like to invite us to a more nuanced and complex vision of what we can celebrate in Thanksgiving and in what we can dedicate ourselves to for Thanksgivings yet to come.
The term "Jew" comes from the Hebrew word Yehudah meaning thanks, joy, gratitude. At the core of the Jewish way is a resilient joy that directs our attention toward the blessings we already have, those we need to work toward to realize, and the need to share those blessings in community.
Turns out that Native American traditions have such a tradition as well -- feasts of gratitude in which the abundance of the earth and community are shared, noticed and celebrated. So do most of the world's wisdom traditions.
When I was a child, the Thanksgiving story was presented as early Americans (the Pilgrims) hosting a meal of gratitude that hosted Indians. The Indians were guests, the Americans were European. And we latter day Americans focused on the nascent democracy found among the Pilgrims.
As I grew and read, the circle expanded. I learned that the "Indians" were First Americans. They are not outsiders to America's story, they have always been at its heart. So, Thanksgiving expanded to include two incompatible tellings -- the tale as told by Puritans and a very different perspective as recounted by Native Americans. There was a bittersweet quality that joined the older narrative, a tale of displacement, of blindness to the wisdom and depth of the culture of First Americans, of their generosity in reaching out to the newcomers, of opportunities for cooperation and learning missed, of sheer survival against overwhelming odds.
But the expanding circles keep growing. Shortly after that first Thanksgiving Africans joined this continent as unwilling captives enslaved to serve European farmers and merchants. They too were seen as outsiders, and they too are now an irreplaceable component of the American story. Another layer of grief and tragedy, but also of extraordinary courage, caring, persistence and faith was added to our complicated national identity.
And the list continues to expand. First seen as interlopers, outsiders, group after group, moved from perifery to core, from alien to American: evangelicals, Jews, Irish, Chinese, Japanese, Mormons, Mexicans, Hindus, Buddhists, Muslims -- each community (and still others) contributed their stories, perspectives and traditions. These cacophanous tellings were first viewed as threats, eclipsing what it means to be American. Eventually we recognized each new tide as expanding, transforming and elevating what it means to be us.
That process is by no means finished and is very much in process. Women made a claim to their own dignity and humanity -- gaining first the vote, then growing power and a recognition for the distinctive ways that women add to American culture and vitality. Gays, lesbians and transgendered people have started to make themselves heard as participants and contributors, no longer tolerating those who would banish them to the margins. People with special needs are gaining a slowly attentive hearing -- asking not for pity and charity but for access, dignity, partnership.
Most recently, brave voices have started to speak on behalf of the rest of the biosphere and our beleaguered planet. Can one love America and rape the land? Is is possible to celebrate "from sea to shining sea" while depleting those oceans of diversity and life, while dumping so much carbon into the air that we are literally choking the plankton that helps our planet breathe?
As the circles expand to include those who used to be invisible, marginalized, despised, our tellings of Thanksgiving become more nuanced and layered, and they shimmer with flashes of color they previously lacked. We are all enriched to inhabit a world of raucous diversity and resilient inclusion.
Our dinners may be less simplistic, and our giving thanks is now joined by taking responsibility. But as our telling swells to include many stories, we are made that much greater by the expansiveness of our humanity -- warts, joys and all.
And for it all, let us breathe deeply, take it all in and give thanks. God bless us, everyone!
Who is Rabbi Bradley Shavit Artson?
Rabbi Dr Bradley Shavit Artson (www.bradartson.com) holds the Abner and Roslyn Goldstine Dean's Chair of the Ziegler School of Rabbinic Studies and is Vice President of American Jewish University in Los Angeles. He is a member of the Philosophy Department, he is particularly interested in theology, ethics, and the integration of science and religion. He supervises the Miller Introduction to Judaism Program and mentors Camp Ramah in California. He is also dean of the Zacharias Frankel College in Potsdam, Germany, ordaining rabbis for the European Union. A regular columnist for the Huffington Post, he is the author of 10 books and over 250 articles, most recently God of Becoming & Relationship: The Dynamic Nature of Process Theology (Jewish Lights).
Who is Rohit Kumar?
Rohit Kumar is the Founder of the Food Reform Coalition, an organization advocating for a safer and healthier food system for people and planet. Rohit is Community Manager for the upcoming major documentary film,Generation Food, as well as a guest correspondent on Pacifica Radio's weekly broadcast, Focus on Food. He is also Co-Founder and CEO of Brush with Bamboo, an internationally distributed brand of biodegradable toothbrushes. In 2011, along with his brother, Rohit converted his family's tract suburban home into a farm and model of sustainbility called The Growing Home (featured in the Los Angeles Times).